Shri Mat Bhagwat Geeta Adhyay 15
Shri Mat Bhagwat Geeta Adhyay 15 is in Sanskrit. Here in this Adhyay 15 the virtues of supreme self-i.e. Paramatma are described. Where Paramatma resides is also told.
Meaning in English
Adhyay 15 The way to The supreme person
Shri Bhagwan said
1) They speak of the immutable Ashvatttha tree with its root above and branches below, whose leaves are the Vedas; he who knows it is a knower of the Vedas.
2) Its branches, nurtured by the Gunas, spread below and above, its roots the sense-objects, and its rootlings are stretched below, producing actions in the world of men.
3-4) Its form as such is not experienced here, nor its end nor its beginning nor its continuity. Having served this deep rooted Ashvattha tree with the strong weapon of non-attachment, one should next seek that goal reaching which they do not return, saying, " I seek refuge in that pridordial Purusha from whom this eternal process has sprung."
5) Free from pride and delusion, over-coming the evil of attachment, ever devoted to spiritual pursuits, rid of desires and the dual throng named pleasure and pain, the wise go to that immutable goal.
6) The Sun does not illumine it, nor the moon nor the fire; that is my supreme state reaching which they do not return.
7) Verily, a part of myself, having become this eternal embodied soul, draws to this world of beings the senses with the mind as the sixth, which rest in Nature (Prakruti).
8) When the master (soul) acquires a body, he takes these ( the six referred to above ) from the one he leaves, even as the breeze carries odours from their seats, and attains ( the new body ).
9) Presiding over the ears, the eyes, the organs of touch, taste and smell, and also the mind, he enjoys the sense-objects.
10) The deluded do not see him departing ( from this body ) or residing ( in it ) or experiencing (objects), being associated with the senses; but they who have the eye of knowledge see him.
11) The yogis who strive see him seated in themselves, but those who are not self-controlled, being thoughtless, do not see him in spite of striving.
12) The light in the Sun which illumines the world and that in the moon and the fire--know that light to be Mine.
13) Entering the earth with My energy, I support the beings; and I nourish all the herbs, becoming the watery moon.
14) Residing in the bodies of beings as the digestive fire (vaishavanra), and united with Prana and Apana (breaths), I digest the four kinds of food.
15) I am seated in the heart of all beings; from Me are memory and knowledge as also their loss. I alone am to be known through all Vedas, I am the originator of the Vedantic tradition, and I am also the originator of the Vedantic tradition, and I am also the knower of the Vedas.
16) There are two beings (Purushas) in this world-- perishable and imperishable; the perishable one is all these creatures, and the immutable is called the imperishable.
17) Different from these is the supreme Being known as the supreme Self (Paramatman), the immutable Lord, who having entered the three worlds sustains them.
18) Since I am beyond the perishable and even excel the imperishable, therefore I am well known in this world and in the Vedas as the supreme Being (Purushottama).
19) He who, being thus undeluded, knows Me, the supreme Being, worships Me in all respects, O descendant of Bharata, and becomes all-knowing.
20) Thus this most secret doctrine has been expounded by Me, O sinless one. Knowing this, one becomes wise, and accomplished are all his duties, O descendant of Bharata.